U.S. Coast Guard: History and Symbols

The United States Coast Guard is one of five Armed Forces of the United States. It is this nation’s oldest continuous seagoing service. The history of the Service is complicated because it is the amalgamation of five Federal agencies:  the Revenue Cutter Service, the Lighthouse Service, the Steamboat Inspection Service, the Bureau of Navigation, and…

POW / MIA Flag

The POW/MIA Flag is a well-recognized flag flown daily at many government facilities and often by individual citizens. Understanding the origin and history of flags brings greater awareness of the importance of flags such as the POW/MIA flag. History of the POW/MIA Flag In 1970, Mrs. Michael Hoff, an MIA wife and member of the…

U.S. Navy

The Chief of Naval Operations has stated that the Navy Birthday is one of the two Navy-wide dates to be celebrated annually. This page provides historical information on the birth and early years of the Navy. The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which the Continental Congress established on 13 October…

U.S. Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps Birthday is celebrated every year on the 10th of November with a traditional ball and cake-cutting ceremony On October 21, 1921, Major Edwin McClellan, in charge the Corps’ only historical section, sent a memorandum to Commandant John A. Lejeune, suggesting the Marines’ original birthday of November 10 be declared a…

U.S. Coast Guard

The United States Coast Guard, one of the country’s five armed services, is a unique agency of the federal government. We trace our history back to 4 August 1790, when the first Congress authorized the construction of ten vessels to enforce tariff and trade laws and to prevent smuggling. Known variously through the nineteenth and…

U.S. Army

The U.S. Army was founded on June 14, 1775, when the continental congress authorized enlistment of riflemen to serve the United Colonies, for one year. The June 14 date is when Congress adopted “The American Continental Army” after reaching a consensus position in The Committee of the Whole. The record indicates only that Congress undertook…

U.S. Air Force

The United States Air Force became a separate military service on September 18, 1947, with the implementation of the National Security Act of 1947. The Act created the United States Department of Defense, which was composed of three branches, the Army, Navy and a newly created Air Force. Prior to 1947, the responsibility for military…