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U.S. Marine Corps
The United States Marine Corps Birthday is celebrated every year on the 10th of November with a traditional ball and cake-cutting ceremony
On October 21, 1921, Major Edwin McClellan, in charge the Corps’ only historical section, sent a memorandum to Commandant John A. Lejeune, suggesting the Marines’ original birthday of November 10 be declared a Marine Corps holiday to be celebrated throughout the Corps. Commadant Lejeune so ordered that the Marine Corps birthday message be read by the standing commadant on 10th November. In a more somber tradition, Samuel Nicholas’ (Cpt.) grave in the Arch Street Friends Meeting graveyard in Philadelphia is marked with a wreath at dawn by a group of Marines annually on November 10th to celebrate his role in the founding of the Corps as ordered by the Continental Congress on Friday, November 10, 1775 as the naval infantry.
The Marine Corps was disbanded in 1783 only to be reinstated by the US Congressional Act on July 11, 1798. Formalized responsibilities of the Corps were finalized and stated in the National Security Act of 1947. As the smallest of all military branches, the US Marine Corps is the lead branch in the development of tactics, techniques and equipment used by amphibious landing forces. The US Marine Corps is also in command of security in all embassies, legations and consulates (140 posts) around the globe.